12 Shawal 1445 AH   21 Apr 2024 AD 11:23 a.m. Karbala
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2019-04-12   1593

Kinds of Az-Zakat and Charities… When Islam Grants Its Individuals Good Living

"[Hence, O Prophet,] accept that [part] of their possessions which is offered for the sake of God, so that thou mayest cleanse them thereby and cause them to grow in purity, and pray for them: behold, thy prayer will be [a source of] comfort to them – for God is all-hearing, all-knowing." (Surah At-Tawba:103).
The imposition of Az-Zakat, which is, in fact, a duty taken from the rich and given to the poor is regarded one of the five bases of Islam and constitutes one of its necessities in Islam. The goal behind its legislation is to fulfill the needs of the poor morally and materially to prevent the aggravation of the class differences between the individuals of the Islamic society and what incurs of social, economic and psychological problems which push forward towards crime such as: robbery, killing, theft and the like and all comes to get money and to achieve their daily living.  
This indeed will tear out the social labyrinth and shatter the ideals, disperse the makings of the one nation and threaten its edifice by total collapse. Zakat cannot be empty of spreading the spirit of cooperation and harmony between the individuals of the one, united society through minimizing the differences between them to preserve the sociological composition so as to keep the society highly consistent and this indeed can form a sublime goal which the Islamic religion vehemently seeks.
Az-Zakat has also reduced with its highly organized tool the differences between the class of the wealthy on the one hand and the class of the trodden down poor on the other hand which could earn its daily morsel with utmost difficulty and that is with transferring its capital among the people to constitute the most important means of social solidarity which without it the Islamic society, would have been left severed and in ever struggling state which may make the class distinction a source for so many problems, struggles and  conflicts and this may lay its  negative, heavy burden on the human society as a whole…considering that the Islamic nation is an important part of the higher human system: "O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa, that is he is, one of the Muttaqin (pious). Verily, Allah, is All-Knowing, Well- Acquainted (with all things)." (Al-Hujurat:13) and they are combined together with so many joint works which cannot be ignored or left aside. 
Zakat can be applied on wealth, crops and animals with definite rates which makes the rich who pay it feel with a spirit of responsibility towards their society and that by confessing the necessity of attending this principle of solidarity has become one of the causes that made the poor and  the needy feel satisfied with what they received from the rich-morally and materially and this makes them feel the depth of their human spirit and deep respect for the dignity of the poor and the needy whose urgent need for money has humiliated them and squandered their dignity until some have committed sinful deeds to fulfill his need. 
Giving Zakat makes the rich strongly feel their practical affiliation to Islam through their obedience and acceptance of all the Islamic legislations which obligate its payment and be abiding by its limit… to win Allah's Sight. 
"Truly, those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness and perform As-Salat (the prayer) and give Zakat, they will have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve."(Al-Baqarah:277) at a time when the utilizers make use of the duty of Zakat that they are in the "Eyes" of Allah Who has issued to them this right-Az-Zakat-which grants them, out of their religious care for them-a benevolent free life irrespective of the glory and pride they receive from the concern of their society to them with regard to the utilizers and the beneficiaries.
Thus, the society pays to what the poor and the needy want for maintaining their dignity and honor and this will indeed raise the standard of their clinging to their religion and awarding them the feeling of love and familiarity in society and that they an important part of it and this indeed necessitates the descending of mercy of Allah on the nation-the whole nation.
"And ordain for us good in this world, and in the Hereafter.  Certainly, we have turned to You He said: (As to) My Punishment, I afflict therewith whom I will and My Mercy embraces all things. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who are Muttaqun (the pious) and give Zakat and those who believe in our Ayat proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations)." (Al-Araf:156). 
Zakat is that fund which is taken from the rich and given to the poor- and is regarded as a rising contribution to building a consistent, robust-built Moslem society just like the image drawn by Allah to Moslems male and female altogether.
Giving Zakat by the rich to the poor is an advanced contribution to the building of a robust-built and consistent Muslim society. In the holy Quran came: "The believers men and women are Awlia (helpers, supporters, friends and protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden), they perform As-Salat and the Zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise." (Al-Taubah:71).
And this pushes away so many problems which can impede the building of society and with this goal in mind, Allah has emphasized in the holy Quran on the necessity of cooperation on what makes them more vigorous to overcome their prevalent crises when together – ever cooperative and ever peacefully coexistent.
"And be cooperative on charity and piety and not on wrongdoing and transgression." (Al-Maedah:2) and for the magnanimity of the Zakat significance and its effect it came correlating with the word of As-Salat (the prayer) in the holy Quran: (and perform As-Salat and give Az- Zakat and bow down with those who bow down."(Al-Baqarah:43) at a time when the Quran have stated with frank texts those who are worthy of charities and all kinds of Zakat. 
"Zakat is to be given only to the poor, the needy, and those employed to collect the funds and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam) and to free the captives and for those in debt, and for Allah's Cause (AI-Mujahidun: those fighting in a holy battle.) and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything) a duty imposed by Allah and Allah is All-Knower, All -Wise." (Al-Taubah:60).  
Zakat is to be given according to the Quranic principle to a number of people who are worthy of it and notably remembered in the holy Quran in a more detailed manner-the special needy ones who were in urgent need of help, care and assistance. 
"And it is not AL-birr (piety, righteousness and eacg and every act of obedience to Allah, etc. that you turn your faces towards the east (or) the west (in prayers) But Al-Birr is (the quality) of the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives wealth in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, to Al-Masakin (the needy, and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, and performs 
 As-Salat and gives the Zakat and who fulfill their covenant when they make it and who are patient in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun (the pious). (Al-Baqarah:177).
And thus he started with the needy relatives considering the importance of this link which connects between the relatives, then with the orphans who have no guardian to care about them and the needy one who can't earn his everyday sustenance.

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