12 Shawal 1445 AH   21 Apr 2024 AD 11:36 a.m. Karbala
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2018-12-24   768

The Interpretation of the Quran

Allah, the Exalted has willed to let the course of affairs go forward in this world-this temporal world-by causes-amongst which lies His relationship with His creatures; the most important of which is "man" or you can say "mankind" whom He honored by making him His "Caliph" on earth as manifested in the following verse: 
"And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: " I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth…." (Al-Baqarah:30). 
And for the sake of the continuation of this relationship with His animate creatures, the adoption of the matter of the "causes" by appointing the best of His creatures on earth has come in agreement with His Will in the matter of the evolution of this world, for His Wisdom necessitated the choice of the best of His slaves to be messengers and prophets who really deserved to hold the post of heavenly responsibility, who could bear the highest ranks amongst their fellow creatures owing to the magnanimity of the divine message they bear to convey to the people- that is: the message of giving them "glad tidings" to the believers and "warnings" to the disbelievers.
Listen carefully to what the Lord says: "Mankind were one community and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings and warnings, and with them He sent down the Scripture in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed………" (Al-Baqarah:213) until Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) came to be their Imam and the seal of the Prophets – who finalized with his comprehensive message all heavenly religions which preceded him. 
Their basic pillar is the noble Quran as a constitution which enfolds between its manifold facets a summary of the previous Scriptures and Books-abolishing some of their legislations and affirming some, irrespective of what has come in them of legislations corresponding with legislations which suit and coincide with all times. 
Owing to what is destined by the Heavenly Judgment which ordained "death" even upon the master of the prophets and messengers, our Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) "You verily. O Muhammad, will die and they verily (too) will die." (Al-Zumar: 30); therefore, there should have been an alternative to replace the loss of the Prophet who could be an ideal replica of him and of the same pure caliber who can be equal in to the Quran in issuing judgments like it with the same legislations. 
Building on the foregoing, the alternative to the Quran is one of the twelve Imams who were legally authorized to rule the world in accordance with the teachings of the Quran together with its full implications till Doomsday.
They could be typical examples as causes or means of mercy between Allah, the Almighty, and his subjects for their being exactly equivalent to the Quran in estimation, significance and weight after having brought into the light the secrets of its entities and according to the standard of their understanding they proceeded to teach the Muslims its judgments and legislations.                                                                                                         
The Quran's Certification of Considering Ahlul Bayt… As the Typical Examples of People (P.B.U.T.) 
"Allah chose Adam and Nuh (Noah), the family of Ibrahim (Abraham) and the family of Imran above the Alamin (mankind and jinn) (of their times.)" (Imran: 33) Offspring, one of the other, and Allah, is All-Hearer; All-Knower." (Aal-Imran: 34).
This noble verse emphasizes the theory of the divine selectiveness of the best of Allah's subjects who were really fit to rule over the people-from Adam to Noah, till Abraham, the Prophet of Allah whereof came the verification of Muhammad's linkage together with Ahlul-Bayt to Abraham, the Prophet of Allah by way of Ismael (P.B.U.T.) via the Quranic allusion: 
"Offspring, one of the other" to certify their being the best chosen from among the people of the world-those who are appointed as the trustful caliphs of Allah on earth by the divine mediation according to what is clearly manifested in the Holy Quran to bear therewith the message of divine guidance. 
This divine selectivity is confirmed in the holy verse of the Quran when the Almighty says: " Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim (Abraham) are those who followed him and this Prophet (Muhammad) and those who have believed (Muslims).
And Allah is the Wali (Protector and Helper) of the believers," to confirm to those who don't see with their eyes that the Prophet Muhammad and his chosen trustees after him (P.B.U.T.) were the true progeny of the Prophet Abraham (P.B.U.H.) and that Allah is their Guardian, Helper and Protector.
The Prophet's and Ahlul-Bayt's verification of the covenant which they had given to the Almighty Lord in the world of spirits (the first origin) before the stage of mankind's appearance, (pre-creation stage) as mentioned in the holy Quran:
"And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Aden, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin "Am I not your Lord?" They said: his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): Yes! We testify lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this." (Al-Araf: 172) by word and deed in this temporal world – the world of will and adoption:
"And say: "O Muhammad! The truth is from your Lord. "Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills not, let him believe not…" (Al-Kahf:29) and this has been the cause of raising their ranks in Allah's Sight in addition to the secret of their surpassing mentality and preferentiality over the rest of Allah's subjects together with their profound insightfulness in comprehending the divine flow of knowledge descending from the heavens:
"He sends down water(rain) from the sky and the valleys flow according to their measure but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface…." owing to their being the caliphs of Allah on earth and for this valid factor Allah has given them preferentiality over the rest of the subjects in matters of knowledge and piety (…"Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has Al-Taqwa that is one of the pious. Verily, Allah is all Knowing, Well-Acquainted (with all things.)"(Al-Hujhrat: 13) and that they are the most knowledgeable of all on earth "…Are those who know equal to those who know not?"
"It is only the men of understanding who will remember" (i.e. get a lesson from Allah's Signs and Verses) and for the greatness of their piety their learning of the divine teachings and to which Allah referred and stressed has been inherent and instinctively inspired and exclusively inculcated in them from the All-Knowing Creator to Whom be ascribed all glory and perfection.
Such is the escalating relationship or linkage between knowledge and piety which Allah stressed in His Holy Book in the following verse: (So be afraid of Allah, and Allah teaches you. And Allah is All-Knower of each and everything." (Al-Baqarah: 282) starting with the noble Messenger (P.B.U.H.)  on Whom the Divine Revelation descended upon him and who was the first teacher to him and to the twelve pure progeny who came after him (Peace be upon them all) who have been taught through inspiration, giving attentive ears or blowing knowledge into their hearts.
Because Allah, the Exalted, chose the greatest Messenger to be as MERCY to the whole of the worlds "We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but a Mercy for mankind, jinn and all that exists)." (Al-Anbia: 107) because they it was they who took up the position of the Imamate after him as well as of being a Mercy to the whole of the worlds and that came after achieving the highest peak of perfection which proved their full right in bearing the obligation of the Divine Mediation. 
Building on the foregoing, it has become quite clear to all that the heavenly selectivity is not built on random adoption or insensible consideration but built on competence and qualifications of leadership which these elite enjoy and this is what history, the people and men of intellect who coincided with the Prophet, the honorable Ahlul-Bayt and those who succeeded them till they themselves have become witnesses along the centuries declaring that the prophetic household have been the purest, the finest and the most qualified in the matters of religion, interpretation of the Quran and jurisprudence among the people according to the conditions they were destined to live through. 

The Ranks and Positions of Ahlul-Bayt in the Holy Quran    
The holy Quran has demonstrated in several of its honorable verses the high status of Ahlul-Bayt and their appropriate positions (P.B.U.T.) in Allah's Sight and for the sovereignty and supremacy of their characters, the holy Quran called the Muslims to love them and endear themselves to them for they were the divine gate-ways of Allah, the Exalted, through which the faithful believers can enter and they were in fact, the second weighty treasure who are regarded as next to Quran in estimation and consideration and that they are the means of conveying Allah's Mercy which contained everything: 
"My Mercy embraces everything. That (Mercy) I shall ordain for those who are the Muttaqin (the pious and give Zakat, and those who believe in Our Verses (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, and revelations) and adding to certitude, the Quran has clearly shown within an open and obvious verse the Divine Will in purifying and taking filth away from Ahlul-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) thoroughly as shown in the following verse:
"Verily, Allah wants only to remove (evil deeds and sins) from you O members of the family of Ahlul-Bayt from you and to purify you from filth thoroughly." (Al-Ahzab:33). The Quran also indicated the scientific aspect of Ahlul-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) for it cited to people that they are the inheritors of the knowledge that is stored in the Scripture. See how the Quran lucidly exhibits this point to the people when it says:
"Then, We gave the Book (the Quran) as inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad). Then of them are some who wrong themselves and of them are some who follow a middle course and of them are some who, by Allah's Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Quran) is indeed the great grace." (Fatr: 32)
So, because the Quran is divinely preserved in a safe location 
"Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and, surely, We will guard it from corruption." And thus openly and absolutely negates any aversion-be it increase or decrease- and that falsehood cannot enter it to defect it; therefore, the Quran is an infallible Book and its infallibility necessitates those who inherit their knowledge to be infallible so as to make everything to clear-away from vagueness, ambiguity, caprice and personal judgment.
This is an evident proof of the infallibility of Ahlul-Bayt-closely attached to the infallibility of the holy Quran for an infallible Book, heavenly- kept cannot be inherited to people who are not infallible!!
So, who can grant a verified interpretation of the Quran the like of what Allah has willed and ordained, if one is not well cut out for the task and whose knowledge is inadequate to cover or undertake the diverse aspects of religion in terms of putting it into practice?
 For infallibility is a must because the person who claims to be infallible, ought to be equal in weight and standard in contrast with the Quran.  
To add more to what is confirmed, some Quranic texts enhances such a proposal which states that they inherited the knowledge of the Book, Divine Revelations and the Imamate which the Book has termed as the "Great Kingdom" due to its "grandeur" and consideration." (Al-Nissa:54):
"Or do they envy men (Muhammad and his followers) for what Allah has given them of His Bounty? Then We had already given the family of (Ibrahim) Abraham, the Book and Hikmah (As-Sunnah)-Divine revelation to those Prophets not written in the form of a book) and conferred upon them a great kingdom."
(Al-Nissa: 54)
So for their many attributes and for their high ranks in Allah's Sight, the heavenly command came to the holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) that he should inculcate into the people's hearts the love of Ahlul-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) for their love is equal to the value of conveying the message of Islam which the Prophet had brought to the whole of mankind and delivered them from the gloom of polytheism and misguidance:
"Say: (O Muhammad) ". No reward do I ask of you for this except that you cherish friendliness to those who are really my relatives. And whoever earns a good righteous deed, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Thankful."(to those who obey His Command.)"
But the nation of Islam did not bind themselves to the Book of Allah, nor to the recommendation of His Messenger (P.B.U.H.)
in the matter of showing love and friendliness to Ahlul-Bayt
(P.B.U.T.) and their followers nor glorifying their virtuous deeds and characters.
But their lot, out of this nation, was but killing, displacement, torture, poisoning or displacement and for this reason they didn't relish any stability or taste the odor of security without dropping themselves in the lap of Islam by following the Quran and the prophetic legal acts.

The Prophetic Sayings on Behalf of Remembrance of Ahlul-Bayt In the Holy Quran
In addition to the foregoing Quranic proofs in the matter of the Divine Selectivity of Ahlul- Bayt (P.B.U.T.) and the fact of their being equal, part and parcel, with the first weighty treasure i.e. the Quran together with their being the bearers of spectra colors of knowledge, came the recommendations of the noble Prophet (P.B.U.H.) in a repeated manner by depending on the second weighty treasure after the Book to certify their Imamate one after another according to their chronological order.
Among his countless sayings is the following: "He who loves me, let him keep his love for me and he who loves me, let him love my pure progeny; I am leaving to you the two weighty treasures: The Book of Allah and my pure progeny; therefore, he who loves my pure progeny, ought to love the Quran, for this obligatory love manifests itself clearly by taking them as Imams who were well-qualified for the interpretation of the Quran, the demonstration of its judgments, the divine legislations and everything that came from Allah in the holy Quran till Doomsday.

The Sayings of the Pure Imams about the Second Weighty Treasure (i.e. the Quran)        
Amir Al-Muminin Ali bin Abi Talib (The Prince of Believers) (P.B.U. H.) on describing the positions and ranks of Ahlul-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) has said: "Verily, Allah, to Whom be ascribed all glory and perfection has purified us, made us infallible and witnesses on His Creation, made us His Proof on earth, made us with the Quran and made the Quran with us neither abandoning it nor it abandons us," together with his saying (P.B.U.H.) of Ahlul- Bayt and he is, of course, included with them:
"We-Ahlul-Bayt, are not to be contrasted or measured by others for, in our favor, the Quran was descended and in our favor exclusively is the source of the heavenly mission.
Besides, there are recurrent and frequent sayings issued by Ahlul-Bayt (P.B.U.T.) which reveal their positions and esteems and that they are equivalent the Quran in value and assessment….and the rope which Allah, the Almighty, has ordered us to hold on to it.
Imam Al-Sajjad (P.B.U.H.) says: "Our example, in the Book of Allah, is like a niche; so it is we who are the niche and within the niche there is a lamp and the lamp is in a glass; this glass, symbolically, represents the noble person of the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) which is likened to a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive." And Ali said:
"Neither of the east nor of the west but it is exposed to the sun all day long) whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself) though no fire touched it." Light upon Light! Allah guides people to His Light (through His Quran) whom He wills." meaning, guiding people to paying loyalty to us- we - Ahlul-Bayt.
The same interpretation is given by his son Imam Al-Baqir (P.B.U.T.) Allah has made the loyalty of the people to us the axis round which the judgments of the holy Quran as well as all other Books go from which they take the light of guidance and by means of it faith becomes manifest.
Allah's Messenger has ordered the people (P.B.U.H.) to take the Quran as well as the Imams (Ahlul-Bayt) as their examples. Before the Prophet's speech comes to an end he addressed the people by saying: " I am leaving to you these two weighty treasures-the Great weighty treasure and the Small weighty treasure.
The Great one is the Book of my Lord and the Small one are my own pure progeny of Ahlul-Bayt, therefore keep my remembrance in these two treasures, for you will never get misled at all if you bind yourselves to both of them altogether.

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